Wisconsin Department of Transportation

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Environmental areas - Community and residential

Legal requirements | FDM references | Worksheets and forms | Guidance | FHWA info. | Standard verbiage

Legal requirements

FDM references



Commercial and industrial

A project that affects only the social or economic environment does not require an environmental impact statement (EIS) unless the effects are related to the natural environment.

Community and residential

Environmental justice (EJ) determines first whether a minority population or low income population exists within the project's area of influence. If no population exists after reasonable efforts to identify one, record it in item two and the process is complete. If a minority or low income population is included, complete the environmental justice evaluation.

General economics

The general economics discussion of an environmental document should include both beneficial and adverse effects to existing and potential economic developments. This requires knowledge about the area's economics and the potential for economic development. The business community, and local units of government should be contacted to locate this information. The WisDOT library and the U.S. Bureau of Census have many publications that provide business and economic data on the economy within the area.

FHWA information and guidebooks

Commercial and industry FAQ's

How does commercial and industrial information differ from general economics information?

The commercial and industrial information focuses on the business and production elements of the affected area's economy. The discussion includes the commercial and industrial climate, and how the proposal affects it during construction and when the facility is opened.

How are concerns addressed from the commercial and industrial community and accessing their businesses during construction?

First determine the nature of those concerns and meet with them to explore designs that may ameliorate them. Temporary access, signage, and construction staging are often used to lessen the construction impacts. Get input from the community early and often.

How does environmental justice get addressed on the factor sheet?

Use the standard verbiage (see below) if it applies. See also guidance and tips for documentation. There is a separate screening worksheet to address environmental justice.

General economics: what are economic development issues?

Economic development involves the existing and potential economic development. Projects should maintain or improve existing economic development and accommodate potential economic developments in the project area.

Projects that are an EIS must use a methodology similar to the indirect impact assessment to assess the project's effects on the economic development. Discuss the project's economic advantages, disadvantages, and the potential for economic development.

Standard verbiage

The environmental justice evaluation factor sheet is used. Projects that do not require the EJ factor sheet should use the following standard verbiage when appropriate:

For question 2 under community & residential include a discussion on affected neighborhood(s) by using the following paragraph:

This document is in compliance with U.S. DOT and FHWA policies to determine whether a proposed project will have induced socioeconomic impacts or a high and disproportionate adverse impacts on minority or low-income populations; and it meets the requirements of Executive Order on Environmental Justice 12898 - "Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority and Low-Income Populations". Neither minority population nor low-income populations would receive disproportionately high or adverse impacts as a result of the *(preferred/any) alternative. Therefore, in accordance with the provisions of EO 12892 and FHWA Order 6640.23, no further EJ analysis is required.

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Questions about the content of this page:
Janet Nodorft, janet.nodorft@dot.wi.gov
Last modified: December 16, 2013

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